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《Journal of Nursing(China)》 2017-07
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Dignity of Patients with Advanced Cancer and Its Influence Factors

CAO Yan-mei;XUE Yun-zhen;GE Guo-jing;NIU Run-gui;XIN Li-yan;YU Jing;Teaching and Research Office of Medical Psychology, Shanxi Medical University;Department of Hospice Care, Shanxi Tumor Hospital;Dept.of Oncology,First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University;  
Objective To explore the status quo of dignity in patients with advanced cancer and its influence factors. Methods General Information Questionnaire,Patient Dignity Inventory(PDI), European Organization for Research of Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-30 Chinese Version(EORTC-QLQ-C30) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale(HAD) were adopted to investigate 150 advanced cancer patients. Pearson correlation and multiple stepwise regression were used to explore the influencing factors. Results The dignity score of 94 out of 150 cases of terminal cancer patients was more than 50 and the incidence rate of obvious loss of dignity was 62.7%. The main influence factors of the dignity were emotional function, role function,anxiety, cancer metastasis, quality of health, and financial difficulties(P0.05). Conclusion The dignity of patients with advanced cancer is damaged in some degrees, and the incidence rates of anxiety and depression are high. The major influencing factors of dignity in advanced cancer patients involve psychological, medical, and economic conditions. More attention should be paid to the dignity of terminal cancer patients with emotional disorder, role maladjustment, poor holistic health and economic difficulties and specific measures to protect the dignity of patients with advanced cancer should be taken.
【Fund】: 中美宗教文化心理学项目(FS06XYZ)
【CateGory Index】: R473.73
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